Blog entry # 1

In regard to the Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Language, philologists clearly had a major role to play in the tracing of the distribution of people across the world and the subsequent blending of their various cultures. This is for the reason that the investigation on the very root of language throws light on the development of humanity itself.  What makes this article unique from the conventional Western historian’s perspective is that it highlights the strong ties between the present day world languages of Europe and Asia which are derived from the same parent language, Proto-Indo-European. By establishing the link between the Romance languages, the Slavik languages, Persian and the Sanskrit languages of India, Crystal conceptualizes the notion of a common source of all the diverse languages of the world. This notion, in the grand scheme of events, connotes the premise of a common root of humanity. In terms of the second article, the Encyclopaedia of Cultural Anthropology, Levinson and Ember have presented an investigation of the study of culture, ethnicity and religion from an anthropological perspective. Despite the attempt made by the ethnologists and sociologists mentioned to adopt a neutral tone in addressing the primordial way of life, there is clearly an element of ethnocentrism present in their approach. There is an existing parallel between this ethnocentric attitude of the social scientists and the attitude of the Western scholars towards the Orientalists as expressed in the introduction of Edward Said’s book, Orientalism.

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